In Europe, there are 482 species of butterflies, 451 of them being also found in the 27 member states of the EU. Almost a third of these species (142 species) are endemic to Europe (which means that they are unique to Europe and are found nowhere else in the world). About 9% of European butterflies are threatened in Europe, and 10% of butterflies are considered Near Threatened. The main current threat to European butterflies is the loss of their habitat or habitat connectivity due to the changes in agricultural practices, either through intensification or abandonment. Other important threats are climate change, increased frequency and intensity of fires and tourism development.
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